SANTIAGO, Chile (AP) — Chileans resoundingly rejected a caller constitution to regenerate a charter imposed by the dictatorship of Gen. Augusto Pinochet 41 years ago, dealing a stinging setback to President Gabriel Boric who argued the papers would person ushered successful a progressive era.
With 96% of the votes counted successful Sunday’s plebiscite, the rejection campy had 61.9% enactment compared to 38.1% for support amid what appeared to beryllium a dense turnout with agelong lines astatine polling states. Voting was mandatory.
The support campy conceded defeat, with its spokesperson Vlado Mirosevic saying: “We admit this effect and we perceive with humility to what the Chilean radical person expressed.”
The rejection of the papers was broadly expected successful this state of 19 cardinal arsenic months of pre-election polling had shown Chileans had grown wary of the papers that was written up by a constituent assembly successful which a bulk of delegates were not affiliated with a governmental party.
“Today we’re consolidating a large bulk of Chileans who saw rejection arsenic a way of hope,” said Carlos Salinas, a spokesperson for the Citizens’ House for Rejection. “We privation to archer the authorities of President Gabriel Boric... that ’today you indispensable beryllium the president of each Chileans and unneurotic we indispensable determination forward.”
Despite these expectations, nary expert oregon pollster had predicted specified a ample borderline for the rejection camp, showing however Chileans were not acceptable to enactment a charter that would person been 1 of the astir progressive successful the satellite and would person fundamentally alteration the South American.
The projected charter was the archetypal successful the satellite to beryllium written by a normal divided arsenic betwixt antheral and pistillate delegates, but critics said it was excessively long, lacked clarity and went excessively acold successful immoderate of its measures, which included characterizing Chile arsenic a plurinational state, found autonomous Indigenous territories, and prioritize the environment.
“The constitution that was written present leans excessively acold to 1 broadside and does not person the imaginativeness of each Chileans,” Roberto Briones, 41, said aft voting successful Chile’s superior of Santiago. “We each privation a caller constitution, but it needs to person a amended structure.”
The effect deals a large stroke to Boric, who astatine 36 is Chile’s youngest-ever president. He had tied his fortunes truthful intimately to the caller papers that analysts said it was apt immoderate voters saw the plebiscite arsenic a referendum connected his authorities astatine a clip erstwhile his support ratings person been plunging since helium took bureau successful March.
What happens present amounts to a large question mark. Chilean nine astatine large, and governmental enactment of each stripes, person agreed the constitution that dates from the country’s 1973-1990 dictatorship indispensable change. The process that volition beryllium chosen to constitute up a caller connection inactive has to beryllium determined and volition apt beryllium the taxable of hard-fought negotiations betwixt the country’s governmental leadership.
Boric has called connected the heads of each governmental parties for a gathering time to find the way forward.
The ballot marked the climax of a three-year process that began erstwhile the state erstwhile seen arsenic a paragon of stableness successful the portion exploded successful student-led thoroughfare protests successful 2019. The unrest was sparked by a hike successful nationalist proscription prices, but it rapidly expanded into broader demands for greater equality and much societal protections.
The pursuing year, conscionable nether 80% of Chileans voted successful favour of changing the country’s constitution. Then successful 2021, they elected delegates to a law convention.
The 388-article projected charter sought to enactment a absorption connected societal issues and sex parity, enshrined rights for the country’s Indigenous colonisation and enactment the situation and clime alteration halfway signifier successful a state that is the world’s apical copper producer. It besides introduced rights to escaped education, wellness attraction and housing.
The caller constitution would person established autonomous Indigenous territories and recognized a parallel justness strategy successful those areas, though lawmakers would determine however far-reaching that would be.
In contrast, the existent constitution is simply a market-friendly papers that favors the backstage assemblage implicit the authorities successful aspects similar education, pensions and wellness care. It besides makes nary notation to the country’s Indigenous population, which makes up astir 13% of the population.