Covid Shots for Children 5 to 11 Could Begin Days After a C.D.C. Panel Meets

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Health|Covid shots for younger children could statesman days aft a C.D.C. sheet meets.

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/11/02/health/covid-vaccine-children-5-11.html

Boxes of child-size doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech Covid-19 vaccine, with their telltale orangish  markings.
Credit...Pfizer

Apoorva Mandavilli

  • Nov. 2, 2021, 5:05 a.m. ET

Is the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine harmless for children ages 5 to 11? Does it work? Does each kid request it?

The Food and Drug Administration connected Friday authorized the vaccine for exigency usage successful those property groups, pursuing a near-unanimous recommendation from its advisers past week. On Tuesday, a akin committee advising the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention volition person its say.

If, arsenic expected, the advisers urge the vaccine and the agency’s director, Dr. Rochelle Walensky, signs off, the determination would astir apt easiness the worries of millions of parents and buttress the United States’ defenses against the microorganism earlier wintertime arrives.

Inoculations for children ages 5 done 11 could past statesman this week. Anticipating the agency’s decision, the Biden medication has enlisted much than 20,000 pediatricians, household doctors and pharmacies to administer the vaccines.

About 15 cardinal doses are already being packed with adust ice, loaded into tiny specialized containers and shipped via airplanes and trucks to vaccination sites crossed the country, national officials said connected Monday.

The younger children volition person one-third of the dose authorized for those 12 and older, delivered by smaller needles and stored successful smaller vials to debar a mix-up with big doses.

The C.D.C.’s guidelines for the vaccine’s usage are not legally binding, but heavy power the aesculapian community’s practice. An endorsement would beryllium timely, arsenic Americans statesman to program for the wintertime holidays.

Although cases successful the United States person been falling steadily for weeks, experts pass that indoor household gatherings during the Thanksgiving and Christmas holidays whitethorn nonstop the rates soaring again, adjacent if not to the horrific highs of past year. Airlines are preparing for what whitethorn beryllium the busiest question season since the commencement of the pandemic.

Vaccinations would easiness the minds of galore parents who are anxious to support their young children and frustrated by predominant schoolhouse shutdowns and quarantines. Outbreaks of the coronavirus forced 2,000 schools to adjacent betwixt aboriginal August and October.

Still, galore parents are hesitant to immunize their children, citing concerns astir semipermanent information of the vaccine oregon due to the fact that they fearfulness that the vaccine is much harmful than Covid-19.

What to Know About Covid-19 Booster Shots

The F.D.A. has authorized booster shots for millions of recipients of the Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna and Johnson & Johnson vaccines. Pfizer and Moderna recipients who are eligible for a booster see radical 65 and older, and younger adults astatine precocious hazard of terrible Covid-19 due to the fact that of aesculapian conditions oregon wherever they work. Eligible Pfizer and Moderna recipients tin get a booster astatine slightest six months aft their 2nd dose. All Johnson & Johnson recipients volition beryllium eligible for a 2nd changeable astatine slightest 2 months aft the first.

Yes. The F.D.A. has updated its authorizations to let aesculapian providers to boost radical with a antithetic vaccine than the 1 they initially received, a strategy known arsenic “mix and match.” Whether you received Moderna, Johnson & Johnson oregon Pfizer-BioNTech, you whitethorn person a booster of immoderate different vaccine. Regulators person not recommended immoderate 1 vaccine implicit different arsenic a booster. They person besides remained soundless connected whether it is preferable to instrumentality with the aforesaid vaccine erstwhile possible.

The C.D.C. has said the conditions that suffice a idiosyncratic for a booster changeable include: hypertension and bosom disease; diabetes oregon obesity; crab oregon humor disorders; weakened immune system; chronic lung, kidney oregon liver disease; dementia and definite disabilities. Pregnant women and existent and erstwhile smokers are besides eligible.

The F.D.A. authorized boosters for workers whose jobs enactment them astatine precocious hazard of vulnerability to perchance infectious people. The C.D.C. says that radical includes: exigency aesculapian workers; acquisition workers; nutrient and agriculture workers; manufacturing workers; corrections workers; U.S. Postal Service workers; nationalist transit workers; market store workers.

Yes. The C.D.C. says the Covid vaccine whitethorn beryllium administered without respect to the timing of different vaccines, and galore pharmacy sites are allowing radical to docket a flu changeable astatine the aforesaid clip arsenic a booster dose.

About 3 successful 10 parents accidental they volition definitely not get the vaccine for their 5- to 11-year-old children, according to the astir caller canvass by the Kaiser Family Foundation. A akin percent of parents said that they would immunize their children “right away,” a fig that has hardly budged since akin polls successful July and September.

Before the F.D.A. advisers met past week, they were bombarded by thousands of emails spouting misinformation astir the vaccine and asking the experts to ballot against it. One communal objection to the vaccine holds that children seldom get sick from the virus, and the vaccine’s imaginable harms whitethorn outweigh its benefits.

But portion children are overmuch little apt than adults to go earnestly sick from the virus, their hazard is not zero. Many children were infected with the coronavirus successful the astir caller surge, and children ages 5 done 11 accounted for astir 11 percent of each cases the week of Oct. 10, according to information collected by the C.D.C.

Since the opening of the pandemic, much than 8,300 children ages 5 to 11 person been hospitalized with Covid, and astatine slightest 94 person died. About one-third of the hospitalized children were sick capable to beryllium admitted to intensive attraction units.

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