Pakistan UNESCO site Moenjodaro badly damaged by flooding

3 weeks ago 48

(CNN) — One of the world's oldest preserved quality settlements has been importantly damaged by torrential rainfall successful Pakistan arsenic the state battles the worst floods successful its history.

Moenjodaro (also styled Mohenjo-daro), a World Heritage tract successful the Indus River Valley 508 kilometers (316 miles) from Karachi, was built successful the Bronze Age, immoderate 5,000 years ago.

"Unfortunately we witnessed the wide demolition astatine the site," reads a missive from the Cultural, Tourism, & Antiquities Department of Singh authorities sent to UNESCO and signed by curator Ihsan Ali Abbasi and designer Naveed Ahmed Sangah.

The missive adds the tract was being utilized arsenic impermanent accommodation for surrounding residents whose ain homes had flooded.

"On humanitarian grounds we gave them structure successful our quarters, parking areas, shops (and) crushed level of the museum," the missive explains.

Currently, an estimated one-third of Pakistan is underwater aft monsoon downpours combined with h2o from melting glaciers.

Most of Moenjodaro's structures, which were discovered successful the 1920s, are supra crushed and susceptible to biology damage. Images included successful the missive from the site's guardians amusement collapsed ceramic walls and layers of mud covering the site.

The missive explains immoderate of the contiguous actions the tract squad has taken to mitigate the flood damage, similar bringing successful h2o pumps, repairing brickwork and cleaning drains.

Several walls collapsed amid the flooding.

Several walls collapsed amid the flooding.

Government of Sindh Cultural, Tourism and Antiquities

But it's wide that these measures volition not beryllium enough.

Abbasi and Sangah extremity their missive by asking for 100 cardinal Pakistani rupees ($45 million) to screen the costs of afloat repairs.

Sadly, the conservators of Moenjodaro person known for immoderate clip that flooding could airs a superior hazard to the site.

Its authoritative UNESCO listing notes that Singh authorities -- which is officially tasked with maintaining Moenjodaro -- has flagged the contented earlier and warned that "a breach of the dam upstream would origin catastrophic damage."

Moenjodaro's value arsenic a humanities and architectural tract cannot beryllium underestimated. When it was added to UNESCO's registry successful 1980, the enactment wrote that Moenjodaro "bears exceptional grounds to the Indus civilization," comprising "the astir past planned metropolis connected the Indian subcontinent."

During its heyday, the metropolis was a bustling metropolis. There were markets, nationalist baths, a sewage system, and a Buddhist stupa, mostly constructed retired of sun-baked brick.

Workers rushed to screen  arsenic  overmuch  of the tract  arsenic  imaginable  with protective covers.

Workers rushed to screen arsenic overmuch of the tract arsenic imaginable with protective covers.

Government of Sindh Cultural, Tourism and Antiquities

In their letter, Abbasi and Sangah explicit interest that Moenjodaro could beryllium added to the database of UNESCO sites successful danger, which the preservation assemblage updates periodically to item historical places that are astatine terrible hazard of ruin.

Sites presently connected this database see Florida's Everglades National Park, which is facing important biology challenges, and the metropolis of Liverpool, England, whose historical metropolis halfway is considered astatine hazard from urbanization.

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