Wine press dating back 2,700 years discovered in northern Iraq

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A presumption shows 2,700-year-old winery discovered by archaeologists, successful Duhok, Iraq October 28, 2021. Picture taken October 28, 2021. REUTERS/Ari Jalal

DOHUK, Iraq, Nov 1 (Reuters) - Archaeologists person excavated the first, and what they judge is the oldest, concern vino property successful bluish Mesopotamia dating backmost much than 2,700 years and coinciding with a crisp emergence successful vino request among the ruling imperial elites of Assyria.

One of the world's earliest empires, Assyria was located successful the bluish portion of Mesopotamia - astir of modern-day Iraq, arsenic good arsenic parts of Iran, Kuwait, Syria, and Turkey.

"This is simply a rather unsocial archaeological finding, due to the fact that it is the archetypal clip successful bluish Mesopotamia that archaeologists are capable to place a vino accumulation area," said Daniele Morandi Bonacossi, Professor of Near Eastern archaeology astatine the assemblage of Udine and manager of the Land of Nineveh Archaeological Project successful the Kurdistan Region of Iraq.

Unearthed astatine the archaeological tract of Khanis, adjacent the bluish Iraqi state of Dohuk, the discovery's worth lies partially successful its humanities context, Bonacossi added.

Assyrian scripture has antecedently pointed to an accrued request successful wine, particularly among members of tribunal and the broader societal elite. It was utilized successful assorted ceremonial practices among the rich.

Archaeobotanical remains person besides shown an enlargement successful vineyards successful the country astatine that time.

"In the precocious Assyrian period, betwixt the 8th and the 7th period BC, determination was a melodramatic summation ... successful vino request and successful vino production," said Bonacossi. "The imperial Assyrian tribunal asked for much and much wine."

The find includes 14 installations carved into upland rocks. The upper, square-shaped basins were utilized by radical to property grapes underfoot, extracting the foodstuff which ran disconnected into the little circular basins.

The grape foodstuff was past collected successful jars, fermented and sold connected a ample scale.

The tract was discovered by a radical of Italian archaeologists from the assemblage of Udine successful practice with antiquities authorities successful Dohuk.

The teams are moving connected adding the past operation to the UNESCO satellite practice list.

Additional reporting and penning by Nadeen Ebrahim

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